Tuesday, 12 June 2012

Grammar - Unit 4 (Lesson 1)

こんにちは!!!
Today is a new day, so we'll start a new unit YAY http://www.emocutez.com

Existence of People & Things:
First let us take a look at the verbs used to express 'being':
  • あります = used for inanimate things (like books, trees etc.)
  • います  = used for animate things (like people, animals etc.)

And now let us use the verbs in sentences:
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1かいに レストラン あります
(There's a restaurant on the 1st floor)

うけつけに おんなの ひとが います
(There's a woman at the reception desk)
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Particle is a subject marker just as is, BUT it is used after a noun that is introduced for the first time OR something that is new to the listener.

So to construct a sentence as I have just follow this formula:

PLACE  NOUN  + あります/います

BUT if the listener already knows there's a restaurant or a woman but just doesn't know their location, you use because in that case the restaurant or woman will be the topic of the sentence.
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レストランは 1かいに あります
(The restaurant is on the 1st floor)

おんなの ひとは うけつけに います
(The woman is at the reception desk)
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So you would construct the sentence this way:

NOUN PLACE  + + あります/います

Now let us look at a dialogue and learn a little but more:
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ラシャ    : どようびに かぞくと スルに いきます。
ヌーラ    : そうですか。スルに なにが ありますか。
ラシャ    : おおきい ふねや ドウが あります。 
ヌーラ    : ドウって なんですか
ラシャ    : オマーンの でんとう ふねです
ヌーラ    : いいです
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Rasha    :  On Saturday I'm going to Sur with my family.
Noora    :  Really? What is there in Sur?
Rasha    :  There are large ships and Dhows.
Noora    :  What are Dhows?
Rasha    :  Omani traditional ships.
Noora    :  That's nice.
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Now let us look at some of the expressions:

〜と = and
〜や = and (implying the existence of others)
〜よ = don't you know (used for something new to the listener)
〜ね = isn't it!

You attach って to a word you don't understand and want to ask about. So 〜って なんですか is "what is an/a..."

ふね   = Ship
でんとう = Traditional

Now let us practice conjugating verbs:

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2かいに なにが あります
(What is on the 2nd floor?)

2かいに なにも ありません
(There is nothing on the 2nd floor)
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2かいに だれが います
(Who is on the 2nd floor?)

2かいに だれも いません
(There is no one on the 2nd floor)

http://www.emocutez.com That's all folks!!!

Saturday, 9 June 2012

Grammar - Unit 3 (Lesson 2)

おはよう〜!!!

Last lesson ヌーラさん called a company to ask about a meeting. Today she'll visit the other company, so let us jump right into our lesson and start with a dialogue:

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ラシャ    : ヌーラさん、ムズナさん、どうぞ おはいりください 
ヌーラ、ムズナ: しつれいします。 
ラシャ    : どうぞ こちらへ 
ヌーラ、ムズナ: ありがとう ございます。 
ラシャ    : くるまで きましたか。 
ヌーラ    : いいえ、ちかてつで きました。
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Rasha    :  Noora, Muzna, please come in. 
Noora, Muzna:  Excuse me. 
Rasha    :  Come right this way. 
Noora, Muzna:  Thank you. 
Rasha    :  Did you come by car? 
Noora    :  No, we came by subway.
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Particle is used as 'by means of' and follows nouns like transportation.

Let us look at a few means of transportation through these images I made yesterday:

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There other means of transportation that I didn't add here because they are in Katakana such as Bus バス, Taxi タクシー and Helicopter ヘリコプタ.

To ask by what means someone will go somewhere, say 何で.

For example:
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なん いきますか
(How will you go?)

くるま いきます
(I'll go by bus)

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follows all means of tranportation except for 'by foot' you say あるいて いきます.

Now let us summerize the dialogue we looked at today through a sentence:

ヌーラさん きんようび ムズナさん ちかてつ DEFデパート いきました
(On Friday, Noora went with Muzna to DEF Department Store by Subway)

Last lesson we said that is used after nouns associated with places.  It is also used after nouns associated with time like in the sentence above きんようび(on Friday). Therefore is equivalent to:

- To (かいしゃ)
- On (どようび)
- At (5じ)

Now I'll just give you a list of destinations so you can use:

くうこう (Airport)
えき (Train Station)
ししゃ (Company Branch)
こうえん (Park)
うち/いえ (House)
としょかん (Library)
ほんや (Book Store)
びじゅつかん (Museum)
ゆうびんきょく (Post Office)
ぎんこう (Bank)
えいがかん (Cinema)
たいしかん (Embassy)
びょういん (Hospital)
いちば (Market)
デパート (Department Store)
スーパー (Supermarket)
レストラン (Restaurant)
ホテル (Hotel)

* 〜かん means public place.

http://www.emocutez.com じゃ、また あした!!!

Thursday, 7 June 2012

Time Expressions

I've done a few charts that you need in order to construct sentences just like the ones we've looked at last lesson.

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Note:
なん in the question will be written as on my lessons from now on.

And now here are the sounds for days of the month:

01 = ついたち
02 = ふつか
03 = みっか
04 = よっか
05 = いつか
06 = むいか
07 = なのか
08 = ようか
09 = ここのか
10 = とうか

11 = じゅういちにち
12 = じゅうににち
13 = じゅうさんにち
14 = じゅうよっか
15 = じゅうごにち
16 = じゅうろくにち
17 = じゅうしちにち
18 = じゅうはちにち
19 = じゅうくにち

20 = はつか
21 = にじゅういちにち
22 = にじゅうににち
23 = にじゅうさんにち
24 = にじゅうよっか
25 = にじゅうごにち
26 = にじゅうろくにち
27 = にじゅうしちにち
28 = にじゅうはちにち
29 = にじゅうくにち

30 = さんじゅうにち
31 = さんじゅうににち


なんにち ですか
(What day of the month is it?)

To ask what the date is today just add each question to the sentense like so:

今日は 何月 何日 何曜日 ですか
(きょうは なんがつ なんにち なんようび ですか)

The answer to this would be in this order:
今日は 6月 七 木曜日 です
(きょうは ろくがつ なのか もくようび です)

Now if you want to say every~ you just add まい before the time like:

まいにち  = Every Day
まいしゅう = Every Week
まいつき  = Every Month
まいとし  = Every Year
まいあさ  = Every Morning
まいばん  = Every Evening

and so on and so forth. じゃ、また!!!

Grammar - Unit 3 (Lesson 1)

http://www.emocutez.comおはよう ございます!!!

What a wonderful morning it is here, I love waking up to the sound of birds twirping. Anyway it is time we start a brand new unit.

Today we'll take a look at Motion Verbs so let us start with a brief explaination about verbs in Japanese.

NOUN + + PLACE + + いきます

Japanese sentences always end with a verb or some other element followed by です which acts as a verb.

The endings of verbs show the tense and whether the verb is affirmative or negative, so you wouldn't really understand what a person is saying until he/she ends the sentence.

Tenses in Japanese can be split into two categories:
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  • The Present Form (or ーます form). This includes the simple present and future tenses.
わたしは まいにち かいしゃに いきます
(I go to the office everyday)

わたしは あした かえります
(I will return tomorrow)


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  • The Past Form (or ーました). This includes the past and present perfect tenses.
わたしは マスカットに いきました
(Last week I went to Muscat)

ラシャさんは もう うちに かえりました
(Rasha has already gone home)

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is a Joshi which is equivelant to 'TO' in english and it's placed after a noun that denotes a place. It indicates the direction of movement with motion verbs such as:
  • いきます (Go)
  • きます (Come)
  • かえります (Return)
Particle can also be used for the same purpose as に and it is pronounced 'e' not 'he'.

Here's a chart that summerizes the tenses of Japanese verbs:

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Now let us look at a dialogue:
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ヌーラ: もしもし、ABCの ヌーラです。 
ラシャ: ラシャです。おはよう ございます。 
ヌーラ: あした そちらに いきます。かいぎは 3じからですね。 
ラシャ: はい、3じからです。ひとりで きますか。 
ヌーラ: いいえ、かいしゃの ひとと いきます。 
ラシャ: そうですか。では、あした。 
ヌーラ: しつれいします
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Noora : Hello, this is Noora from ABC.               
Rasha :  This is Rasha. Good Morning.
Noora :  I'll go to your company tomorrow. The meeting is  from 3:00, right?
Rasha :  Yes, it starts at 3:00. Are coming alone.
Noora :  No, I'll go with someone from the company.
Rasha :  Is that so? Well then, till tomorrow...
Noora :  Goodbye
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Vocabulary:

もしもし = Hello (on the phone)
あした = Tomorrow (this type of time expression doesn't take particles)
そちら = There (where your listener is)
かいぎ = Meeting
ひとりで = Alone
かいしゃの ひと = Company Employee
しつれいします = Goodbye (to mean excuse me) used when you hang up the phone.

Unlike in English, where you would say "I'll come over to your place" in Japanese you use go for anywhere away from you and come for anywhere close to you (the speaker) so you would say "I'll go over to your place".

Now I'll just write ways to ask:

ヌーラさんは あした どこに いきますか
(Where will Noora go tomorrow?)

ヌーラさんは いつ かいしゃに いきますか
(When will Noora go to the company?)

ヌーラさんは あした だれと かいしゃに いきますか
(Who will Noora go with to the company tomorrow?)

Note:
I'd like to share a very useful site called Japanese Word of the Day and it posts a Japanese word everyday with a Romaji, Kanji, Hiragana or Katakana with an explaination. This is very helpful for anyone who wants to memorize new vocabulary or those who want to learn the Kanji of various words they already know. The site allows you to add a widget on your site as well, so check it out!
Next lesson I'll post a few charts associated with Time Expressions so, じゃまた!!!http://www.emocutez.com

Wednesday, 6 June 2012

Counters (じょすうし)

As promised I'll explain how counters work and I have a few charts to explain it in more detail.

Japanese has two different numerical systems:
  • The Traditional Japanese Numbers like ひとつふたつみっつ etc. which goes only as far as 10, after which the other system is used like じゅういち.  
  • The Chinese Origin Numbers いちさん etc. combined with a counter such as だい when counting things.
The word order for counting in a sentence is as follows:

NOUN +   + QUANTITY 
An Example:

 りんご を ふたつ ください
 (Please give me two apples) 

Now let us take a look at my freshly made charts:

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1st Row:
Used for shapeless objects that are not categorized like apples, keys or even ideas.

2nd Row:
For number 7 you can say しちにん if you like but I left it as ななにん because it is easier to remember seeing as most of the counters use it.

3rd Row:
Used for ordinal numbers such as '1st place'.

4th Row:
Used for thin and flat objects like shirts, stamps, pieces of paper etc.

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1st Column
Used for TVs, computers, cameras or bicycles etc. just as I said last lesson.

In the other three Columns number 10 can also be じっ instead of じゅっ so じっさいじっさつじっちゃく but I kept it the way it is because again to keep it simple. If everything looks similar it will make memorizing them a lot easier.  

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1st Column:
Used for a time or occasion of occurrence like 'twice a day' いちにち に にかい.

2nd Column:
Used for small objects like dice, eraser or clips etc.

3rd Column:
You can say さんぞく instead of さんそく and for 10 it's the same as before じっかいじっじっそくじっけん.

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1st Column:
Used for floors of a building. You can say さんがい for 3 instead and in the question you can say なんがい.

2nd Column:
Used for thin and long objects like pencils, bananas, bottles etc.

3rd Column:
Used for liquids in glasses or cups or spoonfuls etc.

4th Column:
Used for small animals like cats and used for fish and insects.

For the 10s in all these Columns the same sound is used as the last chart.
Note: 
As I had said earlier that some of the sounds change so be sure to read them carefully. 
In all the charts you will notice that they all have a question mark on the last row, it is the question you should use to ask about that specific object.
The yellow part is in Kanji and the sound is what you see in the hiragana that is red. 
Here's a cute song to help you memorize counters:


じゃまた, さようなら!!!
Disclaimer:
These are not the only counters, counters are endless but I'll work hard to provide you with as many charts as possible in time.

Tuesday, 5 June 2012

Grammar - Unit 2 (Lesson 4)


こんにちは ALL, I'm really sorry for taking so long to add a new lesson. Many things happened but Glory be to Allah, everything is fine now, so let us continue on!
This lesson is just a continuation of the previous so we're still stuck shopping http://www.emocutez.com

The main dialogue for this lesson is:

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ヌーラ         : すみません、あの  カメラ いくらですか。
みせの ひと : どれですか。 
ヌーラ         : あの あおい  カメラです。
みせの ひと : あれは 1,500です。
ヌーラ         : その ちいさい カメラは いくらですか。
みせの ひと : 1,000円です。
ヌーラ         : それは どこの カメラですか。
みせの ひと : 日本の です。
ヌーラ         : じゃ、それ 2だい ください。
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Noora         : Excuse me, How much is that T-shirt over there?
Salesperson :  Which one?
Noora         :  That blue T-shirt.
Salesperson :  That's 1,500 yen.
Noora         :  How much is that small camera?
Salesperson :  It's 1,000 yen. 
Noora         :  Where is that camera from?
Salesperson :  It's from Japan.
Noora         :  Well then, give me 2 of those.

Now let's take a look at the vocabulary we've used:

 カメラ = Camera
 どれ = Which one あおい = Blue
 = Yen (it is Kanji for えん)
 ちいさい = Small ( おおきい means Big)
 どこ = Where
  =  A particle used to mark an object that is affected by a verb (pronounced 'O').
 だい = A counter used for mechanical objects and household appliances

Next lesson I will explain counters because it is something that you will need to learn in order to ask about different objects. I will also accompany that with some charts to make your lives a lot easier so stay tuned. じゃまた!!!

Tuesday, 27 September 2011

Numbers (すうじ) & Counters - 3

As we are learning to count more and more, we should learn how to count higher and higher, so I made this chart to make it easier to understand:

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  • Decimals are called ten てん, so to say 0.7, you'd say れいてんなな
  • Fractions are called bun ぶん, so to say half, you'd say ぶんの いち.

Now counting from a hundred doesn't mean that you just add a number with Hyaku, sometimes the sound changes and you just have to memorize it that way. Let us count up and see the difference:

100= ひゃく
200= にひゃく
300= さんびゃ
400= よんひゃく
500= ごひゃく
600= っぴ
700= ななひゃく
800= っぴ
900= きゅうひゃく


As you can see some of the words have been shortened and some of the sounds changed. Now let's count a little bit higher:

1000= せん
2000= にせん
3000= さん
4000= よんせん
5000= ごせん
6000= ろくせん
7000= ななせん
8000= せん
9000= きゅうせん

The sen in 3000 was changed to zen because it is supposedly easier to pronounce.