Thursday, 7 June 2012

Grammar - Unit 3 (Lesson 1)

http://www.emocutez.comおはよう ございます!!!

What a wonderful morning it is here, I love waking up to the sound of birds twirping. Anyway it is time we start a brand new unit.

Today we'll take a look at Motion Verbs so let us start with a brief explaination about verbs in Japanese.

NOUN + + PLACE + + いきます

Japanese sentences always end with a verb or some other element followed by です which acts as a verb.

The endings of verbs show the tense and whether the verb is affirmative or negative, so you wouldn't really understand what a person is saying until he/she ends the sentence.

Tenses in Japanese can be split into two categories:
  • The Present Form (or ーます form). This includes the simple present and future tenses.
わたしは まいにち かいしゃに いきます
(I go to the office everyday)

わたしは あした かえります
(I will return tomorrow)

  • The Past Form (or ーました). This includes the past and present perfect tenses.
わたしは マスカットに いきました
(Last week I went to Muscat)

ラシャさんは もう うちに かえりました
(Rasha has already gone home)

is a Joshi which is equivelant to 'TO' in english and it's placed after a noun that denotes a place. It indicates the direction of movement with motion verbs such as:
  • いきます (Go)
  • きます (Come)
  • かえります (Return)
Particle can also be used for the same purpose as に and it is pronounced 'e' not 'he'.

Here's a chart that summerizes the tenses of Japanese verbs:


Now let us look at a dialogue:
ヌーラ: もしもし、ABCの ヌーラです。 
ラシャ: ラシャです。おはよう ございます。 
ヌーラ: あした そちらに いきます。かいぎは 3じからですね。 
ラシャ: はい、3じからです。ひとりで きますか。 
ヌーラ: いいえ、かいしゃの ひとと いきます。 
ラシャ: そうですか。では、あした。 
ヌーラ: しつれいします
Noora : Hello, this is Noora from ABC.               
Rasha :  This is Rasha. Good Morning.
Noora :  I'll go to your company tomorrow. The meeting is  from 3:00, right?
Rasha :  Yes, it starts at 3:00. Are coming alone.
Noora :  No, I'll go with someone from the company.
Rasha :  Is that so? Well then, till tomorrow...
Noora :  Goodbye

もしもし = Hello (on the phone)
あした = Tomorrow (this type of time expression doesn't take particles)
そちら = There (where your listener is)
かいぎ = Meeting
ひとりで = Alone
かいしゃの ひと = Company Employee
しつれいします = Goodbye (to mean excuse me) used when you hang up the phone.

Unlike in English, where you would say "I'll come over to your place" in Japanese you use go for anywhere away from you and come for anywhere close to you (the speaker) so you would say "I'll go over to your place".

Now I'll just write ways to ask:

ヌーラさんは あした どこに いきますか
(Where will Noora go tomorrow?)

ヌーラさんは いつ かいしゃに いきますか
(When will Noora go to the company?)

ヌーラさんは あした だれと かいしゃに いきますか
(Who will Noora go with to the company tomorrow?)

I'd like to share a very useful site called Japanese Word of the Day and it posts a Japanese word everyday with a Romaji, Kanji, Hiragana or Katakana with an explaination. This is very helpful for anyone who wants to memorize new vocabulary or those who want to learn the Kanji of various words they already know. The site allows you to add a widget on your site as well, so check it out!
Next lesson I'll post a few charts associated with Time Expressions so, じゃまた!!!

No comments:

Post a Comment