Tuesday, 12 June 2012

Grammar - Unit 4 (Lesson 1)

こんにちは!!!
Today is a new day, so we'll start a new unit YAY http://www.emocutez.com

Existence of People & Things:
First let us take a look at the verbs used to express 'being':
  • あります = used for inanimate things (like books, trees etc.)
  • います  = used for animate things (like people, animals etc.)

And now let us use the verbs in sentences:
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1かいに レストラン あります
(There's a restaurant on the 1st floor)

うけつけに おんなの ひとが います
(There's a woman at the reception desk)
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Particle is a subject marker just as is, BUT it is used after a noun that is introduced for the first time OR something that is new to the listener.

So to construct a sentence as I have just follow this formula:

PLACE  NOUN  + あります/います

BUT if the listener already knows there's a restaurant or a woman but just doesn't know their location, you use because in that case the restaurant or woman will be the topic of the sentence.
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レストランは 1かいに あります
(The restaurant is on the 1st floor)

おんなの ひとは うけつけに います
(The woman is at the reception desk)
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So you would construct the sentence this way:

NOUN PLACE  + + あります/います

Now let us look at a dialogue and learn a little but more:
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ラシャ    : どようびに かぞくと スルに いきます。
ヌーラ    : そうですか。スルに なにが ありますか。
ラシャ    : おおきい ふねや ドウが あります。 
ヌーラ    : ドウって なんですか
ラシャ    : オマーンの でんとう ふねです
ヌーラ    : いいです
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Rasha    :  On Saturday I'm going to Sur with my family.
Noora    :  Really? What is there in Sur?
Rasha    :  There are large ships and Dhows.
Noora    :  What are Dhows?
Rasha    :  Omani traditional ships.
Noora    :  That's nice.
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Now let us look at some of the expressions:

〜と = and
〜や = and (implying the existence of others)
〜よ = don't you know (used for something new to the listener)
〜ね = isn't it!

You attach って to a word you don't understand and want to ask about. So 〜って なんですか is "what is an/a..."

ふね   = Ship
でんとう = Traditional

Now let us practice conjugating verbs:

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2かいに なにが あります
(What is on the 2nd floor?)

2かいに なにも ありません
(There is nothing on the 2nd floor)
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2かいに だれが います
(Who is on the 2nd floor?)

2かいに だれも いません
(There is no one on the 2nd floor)

http://www.emocutez.com That's all folks!!!

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